FDA approves irradiation of iceberg lettuce, spinach

first_img Under the FDA rule, packages of irradiated lettuce and spinach—like other irradiated food products—will have to bear the radura logo and one of two statements: “treated with radiation” or “treated by irradiation.” Aug 21, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved the use of irradiation to kill pathogens in fresh spinach and iceberg lettuce, which were linked to Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks that sickened hundreds of people in the fall of 2006. Iceberg lettuce and spinach now join meat, poultry, molluscan shellfish, and dried spices on the list of foods that can be irradiated for safety in the United States, said FDA spokesman Sebastian Cianci. The FDA action does not include other varieties of lettuce. The approval was sought by the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA), formerly the National Food Processors Association, Cianci told CIDRAP News. Back in 2000, the group had petitioned for approval of irradiation for a wide range of foods, including raw vegetables and fruits. In December 2007, the GMA asked the FDA for a “partial response” covering just iceberg lettuce and spinach, Cianci said. Prepublication copy of the FDA’s Federal Register announcementhttp://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/FDA-1999-F-2405-nfr.pdf See also: He said the FDA previously approved irradiation of lettuce, spinach, and some other commodities to kill insects and reduce spoilage, which involved doses lower than those used to kill microbes. He was unsure about to what extent irradiation has been used to kill insects in produce, if at all. “Irradiation is effective in reducing levels of potentially dangerous pathogens such as Salmonella and E coli and will provide an additional tool that may be helpful to protect the public from microbial hazards,” Cianci said. Jan 12, 2007, CIDRAP News story “FDA finds Taco John’s E coli strain on California farms”center_img According to an Associated Press (AP) report published today, the FDA concluded that this dose of radiation does not sterilize lettuce or spinach but is enough to “dramatically” reduce levels of E coli, Salmonella, and Listeria without impairing the safety or nutritional value of the foods. The intent is to allow irradiation both to eliminate pathogens and to extend shelf life, according to the FDA’s new rule, to be published tomorrow in the Federal Register but posted online today. The rule takes effect tomorrow. “This final rule will permit the irradiation of fresh iceberg lettuce and fresh spinach to a maximum absorbed dose of 4.0 kGy [kiloGray], which is effective in reducing microbial pathogens that have been associated with these crops in the past,” the FDA said in an e-mailed announcement. “This is not to take the place of other controls; it’s an additional pathogen-reduction method,” Cianci said. “This isn’t going to eliminate the need to wash the product. The FDA continues to recommend that consumers thoroughly wash produce uinder running water before they eat it,” said Cianci. “Pre-washed bagged produce can be used without further washing,” but not all bagged produce is pre-washed, he added. The FDA is still pondering allowing the irradiation of other kinds of produce. Cianci couldn’t predict how soon any additional approvals might come. Fresh bagged spinach grown in California was blamed for an E coli outbreak in the early fall of 2006 that involved 204 cases and three deaths. Later that fall, shredded lettuce from Taco John’s restaurants was implicated in two E coli outbreaks, one in Minnesota and Iowa and the other in several northeastern states.last_img read more

My Reno: How to make an ‘empty shell’ your forever home

first_imgDetails of the backyard renovation of the property at Balmoral. Image supplied.PROPERTY lawyer by day, home renovator by night, weekend – and any other spare time. Jesse Inns has always had a creative side, but he needed an outlet for it.That’s when the first homeowner decided to buy a character home in need of a lot of TLC in the leafy suburb of Balmoral in Brisbane’s east.Mr Inns spent two years looking for the perfect property to inject his personality into. “I’ve always been one of those people who had a creative flair and so I was looking for a project,” Mr Inns said. “I knew where I wanted to buy, but couldn’t find the bones I wanted to play with, until I saw this one.” BEFORE: The front of the house before the renovation. AFTER: The front of the house after the renovation. AFTER: A close-up of the facade after it was renovated. Image supplied.The post-war home had already been raised and built-in underneath, but it “hadn’t been loved”.“It was just finding that empty shell I could spend some money on, but not completely rebuild, and this one ticked all the boxes,” Mr Inns said.Fortunately, he had a tradesman in the family who could help him give the house a cosmetic facelift. “My brother’s in the concrete rendering field, so he helped a lot there, but I was onsite all the time,” Mr Inns said. “I love to get my hands dirty, whether it be painting, choosing the products – I even learned a bit of plumbing.” BEFORE: The backyard at the house at Balmoral before the renovation. AFTER: The pool in the backyard of the house after it was renovated. Image supplied. AFTER: Details of the garden and landscaping. Image supplied.The biggest jobs were gutting the kitchen, bathroom and master ensuite. Mr Inns decided to keep the configuration of the house and the plumbing to save costs.He took a different approach to the bathrooms. Instead of using tiles, he went with rendered concrete, featuring a crushed limestone and pearl finish.“I wanted to get away from that traditional tile finish,” he said.“My basic style I worked from was mid-century modern, but I tried to bring more industrial features in. “I’ve used a lot of concrete and render, a lot of stone, basically to make it a very modern, character home.“The major challenge was adapting the concrete to work inside the house (as well as outside).” BEFORE: The kitchen in the house at Balmoral before the renovation. AFTER: The kitchen after the renovation. AFTER: A close-up of the kitchen after it was renovated. Image supplied.The kitchen was in good condition, but dated, so it too was stripped back.An island bench was put in, the appliances were updated and the cupboards redone. BEFORE: The back deck before the renovation. AFTER: The back deck after it was renovated. Image supplied. AFTER: Another angel of the back deck after it was renovated. Image supplied.In keeping with the monochromatic colour theme, Mr Inns painted the timber deck grey and added a unique, concrete side wall.He designed the entire backyard himself on his iPad. More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus8 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market8 hours ago“I was inspired by a shot on Instagram, so I got the old iPad out and did a bit of sketching,” he said. BEFORE: The ensuite before the renovation. AFTER: The ensuite after the renovation.A lot of time was spent carefully styling each room and area to give the house a personal touch.“I spent lots of hours scouring the internet for one-off quirky pieces, rather than stock standard white pots,” Mr Inns said.“I spent a lot of weekends and nights doing this house. “Some people watch TV at midnight; I paint walls instead.” BEFORE: The bathroom at the house before the renovation. AFTER: The main bathroom after it was renovated. Image supplied. AFTER: Details of the bathroom renovation, Image supplied.Remarkably, he also managed to come in well under budget. “It cost about $75,000 and I had a budget of $100,000 to spend,” Mr Inns said. His advice for keeping costs down?“Keep it in the family for trades and if you’re prepared to, do a lot of the work yourself.“If you’re prepared to watch some YouTube videos.” Mr Inns is already itching to start another project, but intends to live in this one.”I’m looking for more of an investment property. This is my forever home at the moment.”last_img read more

British pair head Power weights

first_img His trainer Gillian Callaghan said: “We were delighted with him at Navan and I suppose ideally he’d prefer a good cut in the ground, but he ran well the last day on what was nice ground. “He is also in the Topaz Novice Chase (Grade One), but at the minute we are more inclined to go for the Paddy Power Chase.” Goonyella has been installed as the 10-1 favourite by the sponsors with the Paul Nicholls-trained Ruben Cotter, Nicky Henderson’s Prince Of Pirates and Jonjo O’Neill’s Alfie Sherrin sure to have their supporters if they run. Questions Answered has had his enthusiasm rekindled over hurdles of late and has been given the option by Eric McNamara. McNamara said: “He has won his last two handicap hurdles very well and we’ll see. He will also get an entry in the Pertemps Qualifier. We’ll decide what race he’ll go for a bit closer to the time.” Noel Meade’s promising Sword Of Destiny, Jim Culloty’s Spring Heeled and former Irish National winner Lion Na Bearnai are others in the mix. Silver By Nature and Sydney Paget have been given joint top-weight in the valuable Paddy Power Chase at Leopardstown on December 27. Press Associationcenter_img Lucinda Russell’s 11-year-old Silver By Nature showed the fire still burned bright when chasing home the six-year-old Sydney Paget at Haydock last month, but the pair would be meeting on 13lb different terms if both ran. Home Farm and Sweeney Tunes are the next two on the list, followed by Mad Brian, second in the Troytown last time out on just his third run over fences. last_img read more

Carroll eager for Hammers return

first_img Press Association Striker Andy Carroll intends to earn his place back in the West Ham team following a three-match suspension as he eyes an England recall. Carroll will be available again for Saturday’s trip to Everton, but is taking nothing for granted. “The sending-off has happened and I was annoyed at the time with missing games, which was not what I wanted after the season that I’ve had, but I’m over it now,” Carroll said on the club’s official website, www.whufc.com. “I just need to focus on playing the games now and getting back in the team and playing games. “I have just got to work hard in training, because that is all I can do. At the end of the day, the manager picks the team.” Carroll last featured for England in the 5-0 World Cup qualifying win over San Marino at Wembley in October 2012. However, the 6ft 3in former Newcastle and Liverpool frontman is determined to become part of Roy Hodgson’s plans for Brazil this summer, having been tipped for a recall to the international squad in next week’s friendly against Denmark. “I have definitely not given up on the England squad and I never will do,” he said. center_img Carroll, 25, saw his return from a frustrating foot injury lay-off checked following a red card against Swansea on February 1, his ban upheld at independent arbitration panel which backed the Football Association’s disciplinary appeals process. In Carroll’s absence, Sam Allardyce’s side have won three successive matches to extend an unbeaten run to five games, and in the process have pulled clear of the relegation zone and up to 10th place. last_img read more