Under the FDA rule, packages of irradiated lettuce and spinachlike other irradiated food productswill have to bear the radura logo and one of two statements: “treated with radiation” or “treated by irradiation.” Aug 21, 2008 (CIDRAP News) The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved the use of irradiation to kill pathogens in fresh spinach and iceberg lettuce, which were linked to Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks that sickened hundreds of people in the fall of 2006. Iceberg lettuce and spinach now join meat, poultry, molluscan shellfish, and dried spices on the list of foods that can be irradiated for safety in the United States, said FDA spokesman Sebastian Cianci. The FDA action does not include other varieties of lettuce. The approval was sought by the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA), formerly the National Food Processors Association, Cianci told CIDRAP News. Back in 2000, the group had petitioned for approval of irradiation for a wide range of foods, including raw vegetables and fruits. In December 2007, the GMA asked the FDA for a “partial response” covering just iceberg lettuce and spinach, Cianci said. Prepublication copy of the FDA’s Federal Register announcementhttp://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/FDA-1999-F-2405-nfr.pdf See also: He said the FDA previously approved irradiation of lettuce, spinach, and some other commodities to kill insects and reduce spoilage, which involved doses lower than those used to kill microbes. He was unsure about to what extent irradiation has been used to kill insects in produce, if at all. “Irradiation is effective in reducing levels of potentially dangerous pathogens such as Salmonella and E coli and will provide an additional tool that may be helpful to protect the public from microbial hazards,” Cianci said. Jan 12, 2007, CIDRAP News story “FDA finds Taco John’s E coli strain on California farms” According to an Associated Press (AP) report published today, the FDA concluded that this dose of radiation does not sterilize lettuce or spinach but is enough to “dramatically” reduce levels of E coli, Salmonella, and Listeria without impairing the safety or nutritional value of the foods. The intent is to allow irradiation both to eliminate pathogens and to extend shelf life, according to the FDA’s new rule, to be published tomorrow in the Federal Register but posted online today. The rule takes effect tomorrow. “This final rule will permit the irradiation of fresh iceberg lettuce and fresh spinach to a maximum absorbed dose of 4.0 kGy [kiloGray], which is effective in reducing microbial pathogens that have been associated with these crops in the past,” the FDA said in an e-mailed announcement. “This is not to take the place of other controls; it’s an additional pathogen-reduction method,” Cianci said. “This isn’t going to eliminate the need to wash the product. The FDA continues to recommend that consumers thoroughly wash produce uinder running water before they eat it,” said Cianci. “Pre-washed bagged produce can be used without further washing,” but not all bagged produce is pre-washed, he added. The FDA is still pondering allowing the irradiation of other kinds of produce. Cianci couldn’t predict how soon any additional approvals might come. Fresh bagged spinach grown in California was blamed for an E coli outbreak in the early fall of 2006 that involved 204 cases and three deaths. Later that fall, shredded lettuce from Taco John’s restaurants was implicated in two E coli outbreaks, one in Minnesota and Iowa and the other in several northeastern states.
Midfielder Justin Sukow has recorded a team-high four goals in 2019. His two assists give him 10 points on the season, which leads the Ramblers. He forms a potent one-two combination with defender Marius Kullmann, who paces Loyola with three assists. Billy Hency has contributed two goals thus far. Print Friendly Version Drake (5-3, 2-0 MVC) earned a 2-0 victory on the road against Valparaiso in their last match. Austin Smythe opened the scoring with a goal in the 18th minute. Leroy Enzugusi assisted on the play, then scored a goal of his own in the 80th minute to seal the result for the Bulldogs. Enzugusi leads Drake with four goals in 2019. Loyola finished 10-7-2 last season and reached the MVC Tournament championship game, where it lost to Central Arkansas, 2-1. The Ramblers ended Drake’s season in the semifinals with a 1-0 victory in double overtime. The Bulldogs earned a 1-1 draw in Chicago during the regular season. Live Stats Goalkeeper Luke Anderson, the reigning MVC Defensive Player of the Week, stopped four shots, and Liam Wilson, who was named to the College Soccer News National Team of the Week, continued his strong form on the back line in contributing to the shutout. Megally, a 6-foot midfielder, earned an All-MVC honorable mention nod after leading the Ramblers with five goals in 2018. He ended Drake’s season with his game-winner in the semifinals of the conference tournament. Megally’s 26 shot attempts this season are 16 more than the next Rambler, and he has scored twice. The Ramblers were picked second in the MVC preseason poll, and two players – Giann Magno and Aidan Megally – were selected to the preseason All-MVC team. Magno earned a place as a midfielder on the All-MVC second team in 2018. The Bulldogs have posted four-straight wins and four-straight clean sheets, and will look to extend those streaks when they kick off against the Ramblers on Sunday at 1 p.m. INDIANOLA, Iowa – The Drake University men’s soccer team faces off against conference rival Loyola this weekend at Bill Buxton Stadium on the campus of Simpson College (701 North C Street in Indianola). Story Links Live stats will be available for Sunday’s match. The Ramblers (4-3-1, 1-1-1 MVC) come to Des Moines after tying against Bradley, 0-0, in their last match. Scouting Loyola