Peace in our times?

first_imgA bloody uprising in Syria. A seemingly endless insurgency in Afghanistan. A savage civil war in Libya. A terrorist attack in Iraq. It is not difficult, University Distinguished Service Professor Joseph Nye said in introducing the John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum on Monday, to compile from the headlines a list of current wars and conflagrations.But the panel, assembled under the title “Is War on the Way Out?,” was there to discuss the oddly counterintuitive notion that violence, among both individuals and states, is on the wane, or at least on a downward trajectory.“It’s a property of the human mind that we estimate risk by memorable examples,” said Steven Pinker, Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology at Harvard, panelist, and author of “The Better Angels of Our Nature.” Bloody bulletins from the front lines of various conflicts are easily recalled by most of us.But the data seem to show that humans are instead behaving better.Both Pinker’s book and “Winning the War on War,” by fellow panelist Joshua Goldstein, professor emeritus at American University, point to startling statistical evidence. The annual number of battle deaths worldwide has fallen from about 300 per 100,000 of population during World War II to the single digits during the 1970s and 1980s, to less than 1 per 100,000 in the first decade of this century. Other indicators of violence illustrate a similar trend.While scholars now paint a picture of primitive man as warlike and aggressive, and much of human history is written around conflict, something seems to have happened to the way humans approach violence. The United Nations and its peacekeeping operations have helped, Goldstein argued. So have changing norms about the acceptability of institutionalized violence. And so has the fact that trade has replaced conquest as the basis of prosperity.The arguments were lauded but also challenged by panelists Monica Toft, associate professor of public policy, and Stephen Walt, Belfer Professor of International Affairs.Toft, author of “God’s Century: Resurgent Religion and Global Politics,” said Pinker and Goldstein provide important arguments on the “continuum of violence” from the personal to the state level. But she criticized a reliance on Eurocentric data as well as the presentation of the data.Walt said it was important to separate out the reasons for a decline in violence and not confuse the cause for a decline in interpersonal violence (which could be attributed to states being better at policing societies, or on changing norms on the use of violence in society) with the cause for the decline in violence among states.For example, Walt argued, the use of nuclear deterrence by the United States and the Soviet Union could be used as an explanation for the absence of major conflicts during the Cold War.The panelists seemed to agree, however, that while encouraging data exists, it is no ground for complacency.“We have it in us to be violent, to make war,” Goldstein said. “The idea that this is a recipe for complacency is exactly the opposite of the message I would ever want to give. The fact that we’re making progress means that we need to keep working.”last_img read more

Condos selects Brian Leven as Deputy Secretary of State

first_imgSecretary of State-Elect Jim Condos has selected Brian Leven of Stowe to be the new deputy secretary of state. Leven has spent the last 12 years as an attorney for the Vermont Legislative Council. During that time he has served as counsel for the House and Senate Committees on Government Operations and the Legislative Committee on Administrative Rules. These three committees are important committees for legislation pertaining to activities and operations of the secretary of state’s office.In 2002, he staffed the Senate Reapportionment committee which was responsible for redistricting of House and Senate districts after the 2000 US Census. Reapportionment will again be taken up this biennium with completion of the 2010 Census. And, this past year, he served as counsel to the Government Accountability Committee which is monitoring the progress of Challenges for Change.‘I am excited to have Brian join my team,’ said Secretary-elect Condos. ‘His knowledge and experience will prove invaluable as my office continues to serve Vermonters with positive outcomes.’Brian Leven lives in Stowe, Vermont, with his wife, Jacquie, and two children, Augie and Talula. He grew up in Danville and St Johnsbury. He graduated from St Johnsbury Academy, received a BA from the University of Vermont, and a JD from the University of Denver College of Law.In addition to playing music, reading, and enjoying the outdoors, Leven serves as chair of the Stowe Development Review Board.Jim Condos was elected to be Vermont’s secretary of state on November 2, 2010. Condos has over 20 years of elected public service including 18 years on South Burlington City Council, eight years as a Vermont state senator, along with over 30 years of private sector business experience.last_img read more

Wenger brushes off criticism after loss

first_imgThe Gunners 3-2 defeat leaves them 5 points behind leaders Leicester who host West Brom tonight.Arsenal is at home to Swansea tomorrow night and Wenger says they won’t get bogged down in negativity.last_img

West Indies humiliated again

first_img SCOREBOARD AUSTRALIA SATISFIED Australia declared their first innings on 583-4 led by Man of the Match Adam Voges’ unbeaten 269 and record 449-run fourth-wicket partnership with Shaun Marsh. The West Indies were forced to follow-on earlier yesterday when they scored just 223-9 in their first innings injured paceman Shannon Gabriel (left ankle) could not bat in either innings. The match ended before tea yesterday when the West Indies led by Darren Bravo’s 108 in the first innings, and Kraigg Brathwaite’s 94 in the second were bowled out for 148. The West Indies lost 14 wickets in a session and a half. The team announced yesterday that Gabriel would return home due to the injury and a tour replacement would be named in the coming days. Pattinson (5-27) took up where Hazlewood left off in a West Indies first innings dominated by Bravo’s seventh Test century. Pattinson’s haul included the second-innings wicket of Bravo for four, ensuring the West Indies batsman was dismissed twice in 37 minutes. The West Indies resumed on 207-6 yesterday morning in their first innings before Hazlewood (4-45) cleaned up the tail. Resuming on 94, Bravo hit two boundaries off Peter Siddle in the first over to reach the century mark. Brathwaite tried vainly to notch a late century in the second innings, hitting four boundaries in a row, before being bowled by Hazlewood to end the match. RECORDPARTNERSHIP HOBART, Australia (AP): The warning signs were evident when a mostly full-strength West Indies lost a tour match by 10 wickets to a Cricket Australia selection with six players making their first-class debuts. Against Australia’s Test team, ranked No. 3 in the world, the mostly young and inexperienced players from the Caribbean never stood a chance, losing by an innings and 212 runs yesterday inside three days at Bellerive Oval. Fast bowler James Pattinson took five wickets in the second innings to complement fellow paceman Josh Hazlewood’s four-wicket haul in the first. Off-spin bowler Nathan Lyon, playing in his 50th Test, took three vital first-innings wickets that placed the West Indies in early trouble. And then there was the Australian batting. “To win in three days was very satisfying,” Australia captain Steve Smith said. West Indies captain Jason Holder said the big loss wasn’t unfamiliar to him or a team hit by player strikes, pay disputes, coach suspensions and a decision by many of the top players to choose lucrative international Twenty20 league contracts over Test duty. “It’s a situation we’ve been in for the past few months, the past few years, really,” Holder said. “We need to be more disciplined… to spend more time in the middle. Hopefully, we can come back strong in the second Test.” AUSTRALIA 1st Innings 583-4 decl. WEST INDIES 1st Innings (overnight 207 for six) D.M. Bravo c Lyon b Siddle 108 K. Roach c wk Nevill b Hazlewood 31 J. Taylor b Hazlewood 0 J. Warrican not out 2 S Gabriel absent hurt Extras (b7, lb10, w1, nb5) 23 TOTAL (all out, 70 overs) 223 Fall of wickets: 1-17 (Brathwaite), 2-58 (Chandrika), 3-78 (Samuels), 4-78 (Blackwood), 5-89 (Ramdin), 6-116 (Holder), 7-215 (Roach), 8-215 (Taylor), 9-223 (Bravo) Bowling: Hazlewood 18-5-45-4, Pattinson 15-0-68-0 (w1, nb5), Siddle 15-5-36-2, Lyon 19-6-43-3, Marsh 3-1-14-0. WEST INDIES 2nd innings (following on) K. Brathwaite b Hazlewood 94 R. Chandrika c Smith b Pattinson 0 D.M. Bravo b Pattinson 4 M. Samuels c Warner b Pattinson 0 +D. Ramdin c Warner b MR Marsh 4 *J. Holder c wk Nevill b Pattinson 17 K. Roach c wkp Nevill b Hazlewood 3 J. Taylor c Pattinson b Hazlewood 12 J. Warrican not out 6 S. Gabriel absent hurt Extras (lb1, w1, nb3) 5 TOTAL (all out; 36.3 overs) 148 Fall of wickets: 1-2 (Chandrika), 2-20 (Bravo), 3-24 (Samuels), 4-24 (Blackwood), 5-30 (Ramdin), 6-60 (Holder), 7-91 (Roach), 8-117 (Taylor), 9-148 (Brathwaite). Bowling: Hazlewood 10.3-3-33-3, Pattinson 8-2-27-5 (w1, nb2), Siddle 7.-1-34-0, Marsh 7-0-36-1 (nb1), Lyon 4-0-17-0. Result: Australia won by an innings and 212 runs. Man-of-the-Match: Adam Voges. Toss: Australia. Umpires: M. Erasmus, I. Gould; TV – C Gaffaney.last_img read more

Cape Town: 2014 World Design Capital

first_img27 October 2011Cape Town beat off competition from Dublin and Bilbao to be named as the World Design Capital for 2014 at the International Design Alliance Congress in Taipei, Taiwan on Wednesday.The Cape Town Partnership started the World Design Capital bidding process over a year ago, on behalf of the City of Cape Town. A bid committee was tasked to frame the theme of the bid and to source content and case studies for the bid book. It included design case studies in the Stellenbosch area.On 31 March this year, the 465-page bid book was formally submitted to the International Council for Societies of Industrial Design (ICSID) in Canada, with the theme, “Live Design. Transform Life”.“It is an honour for me to be addressing you here today as mayor of the first African city to be named a World Design Capital,” Cape Town Mayor Patricia de Lille said at the congress on Wednesday. “A city belongs to its people and it must be designed for and with them and their communities.”De Lille said that people had been using design for many years to transform various aspects of life, but they have often been working without an overarching social goal in mind.“The World Design Capital bid process and title have helped to bring different initiatives together and have made us realise that design in all its forms, when added together, creates human and city development,” she said.She said that the World Design Capital designation would give cities like Cape Town additional motivation to actively think of transformative design in development plans.“We look forward to learning from other cities that are using design as a tool for transformation, including past winners Torino, Seoul and Helsinki and our fellow short-listed cities, Dublin and Bilbao,” she said. “We are honoured to have been considered with them.”Celebrating 20 years of democracyExplaining the importance of the year 2014, De Lille said it would be the celebration of 20 years of democracy in South Africa. “That celebration will allow for a time of reflection, to think about how far we have come as a country and a city.“We will also be positioning ourselves to plan for the future. The next 20 years, and the 20 years after that, demand nothing less if we are to prosper as a city and a society and truly mature into our full potential.”She explained to delegates that South African cities were designed over decades to divide people, but since the dawn of democracy, there has been a focus on bringing people together and creating sustainable cities that foster real social inclusion.“In 2014, we will channel that energy into a series of events that celebrate design as a driver of social and economic change in the urban environment,” she said. “We invite the global design community to become a part of our design journey, in our city, in Africa and in the world.”Public and private sector supportCape Town’s bid has gained widespread public and private sector support as it provides the opportunity to embed design thinking into urban development planning for social and economic growth.The accolade will also enhance Cape Town’s reputation globally as being a place that is known for more than just its natural beauty.Previous World Design Capital title holders have seen increased visitor numbers as a result of the designation. Torino, Italy, World Design Capital for 2008, reported higher visitor numbers in their title year – which coincided with the global economic downturn – than in 2006, when they hosted the Winter Olympics.“It has been a long and rewarding journey to get to this point,” said Cape Town Partnership MD Bulelwa Makalima-Ngewana. “The real key to our success has been the partnerships that have been forged during the bid process, and the unwavering support of the City of Cape Town and the Provincial Government of the Western Cape.”Repositioning Cape Town“Being named World Design Capital for 2014 is a unique opportunity for us to reposition Cape Town on the world stage as a city of innovation, creativity and caring – and to continue to foster and promote our design industries at home and abroad,” Makalima-Ngewana said.The World Design Capital 2014 title results in a year-long programme of design-focused events that will see creative communities across the globe turning to Cape Town for social, economic and cultural solutions. These connections are vital in the long-term links the city will secure with global role-players within creative industries.This win also highlights how design innovation has led to growth in the Stellenbosch area, taking the bid beyond the city’s borders to acknowledge the design assets of the region.Said Stellenbosch Mayor Conrad Sidego from Taipei, where the theme of the IDA Congress is “Design at the Edges”: “The edge is where design of the past and design of the future meet – in this moment we have the opportunity to shape a new design legacy for our region.”SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Bok victory seals a sporting weekend

first_imgBok stalwarts: Saturday’s match against the Wallabies marked the 50th cap for both Jannie du Plessis and Morné Steyn. Photo: SA Rugby By Anne Taylor30 September 2013It was a great sporting  weekend for South Africa – Ernie Els had a cracker of a round at St Andrews putting him in contention to win the Dunhill Classic, cyclist Louis Meintjes raced to a silver medal in the under-23 road race at the UCI World Championships in  Italy – and, best of all, the Springboks beat the Australians 28-8 in a thrilling match at Newlands in Cape Town on Saturday.The All Blacks won against Argentina, setting up the final between the world’s two best teams on Saturday (October 5) at Ellis Park in Johannesburg. The Springboks will need to beat the All Blacks and score a bonus point, without conceding one, to win the Rugby Championship.“A few things we have worked on that worked, this is a special bunch of players, really hungry to do well for their country,” coach Heyneke Meyer said after the match. “We don’t play on emotion, but focus on task at hand. We are in with a chance to win championship, and are where we wanted to be.”The last time the Aussies won at the Newlands rugby stadium in Cape Town was in 1992. Saturday’s game was also the Springboks’ 50th test at Newlands, the first ground in South Africa to host the national team 50 times. And it was Morné du Plessis and Jannie du Plessis’ 50th game. Du Plessis and his brother Bismarck became the first South African siblings to achieve 50 caps a piece.Read the match report on SA.info: Bok win sets up showdown vs NZlast_img read more

4 days agoLiverpool teenager Brewster showing improvement after Wolves brace

first_imgAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Liverpool teenager Brewster showing improvement after Wolves braceby Freddie Taylor4 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool U23 boss Neil Critchley says Rhian Brewster is improving after his double against Wolverhampton Wanderers on Sunday.The 19-year-old made his first-team debut against MK Dons in the Carabao Cup and boosted his chances of another appearance with a fine display in the 4-3 win over Wolves at Kirkby.Asked if Brewster was taking steps in the right direction, Critchley said: “There were positives to take from the game and Rhian’s goals were among them.”He is looking slightly better every time he plays. That was arguably his best game for us this season, not just his goals but his all-round contribution, the way he led the line particularly without the ball, competing with his back to goal as well.”He was competing very well with longer balls and balls in the air. He put a real shift in for the team which is something he will be able to do as he gets fitter. I was really pleased with his contribution.” last_img read more

Video: Ohio State Strength Team Dresses As Santa And Elves, Surprises Urban Meyer With Gift

first_imgSanta surprises Urban Meyer at the OSU facility.santa surprises urban meyerLast year, Ohio State’s strength and conditioning team dressed up as Santa and his elves to greet head coach Urban Meyer as he made his way to the locker room a few days before Christmas. Apparently, it’s now a tradition. Monday morning, Meyer was surprised by a similar scene, and was even given a present. No word on what was in the box.Ohio State is currently preparing for the Fiesta Bowl on New Year’s Day. But there’s still apparently time for a little Christmas cheer.last_img

Ezekiel Elliott Welcomes “Brother” Jaylon Smith To The Dallas Cowboys

first_imgEzekiel Elliott celebrating after an Ohio State touchdown.GLENDALE, AZ – JANUARY 01: Running back Ezekiel Elliott #15 of the Ohio State Buckeyes (left) celebrates his second quarter touchdown with running back Jalin Marshall #7 (right) during the BattleFrog Fiesta Bowl against the Notre Dame Fighting Irish at University of Phoenix Stadium on January 1, 2016 in Glendale, Arizona. (Photo by Jennifer Stewart/Getty Images)The Dallas Cowboys just made the most beloved pick of the NFL Draft, taking injured Notre Dame linebacker Jaylon Smith with the No. 34 overall selection. Smith injured his knee in the Fiesta Bowl and likely won’t play at all during the 2016 season. One of the players he faced in that Fiesta Bowl, Ohio State running back Ezekiel Elliott, is now his teammate. Elliott welcomed Smith to the team on Twitter. Welcome to the family brother @thejaylonsmith— EzekielElliott (@EzekielElliott) April 29, 2016The Cowboys have drafted two of college football’s most-likable players in Elliott and Smith. The NFL Draft is being televised on ESPN and the NFL Network.last_img read more

HHI Sets Aside USD 18 Billion to Develop Green Smart Ships

first_imgzoom South Korea’s Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) Group plans to invest USD 1.8 billion in research and development (R&D) programs by 2021 through its newly established independent shipbuilding company – Hyundai Heavy Industries.Under the plan, the new HHI will invest in developing eco-friendly and smart ships, enhancing offshore engineering capability, and establishing smart shipyards.For quality enhancement of its products and services, HHI will set up lessons-learned database by accumulating engineering failure cases.In the longer-term, HHI Group plans to spend 6-7% as a percentage of annual sales in R&D.HHI Group has split up its businesses into four different companies: HHI; Hyundai Electric & Energy Systems; Hyundai Construction Equipment; and Hyundai Robotics.The four companies will appoint chief technology officers in charge of driving product development, drafting technology strategy, and nurturing human resources, and expand numbers of researchers to 10,000 from current 4,000.At a tree planting ceremony at HHI’s Ulsan shipyard to commemorate HHI Group’s rebirth, vice chairman & CEO of HHI Kwon Oh-gap, said: “As today marks new chapter in our history, the three newly established companies will make utmost efforts to rank the global top 5 in their respective fields by making quality and technology top priorities.”last_img read more