Home Indiana Agriculture News PEDV Major Factor Regarding 2014 Live Hog Prices PEDV Major Factor Regarding 2014 Live Hog Prices U.S. pork producers lost significant amounts of money in the first half of 2013 because of high feed costs – but that began to change in June for many reasons. Paragon Economics President Dr. Steve Meyer predicts prices will increase throughout 2014 because of reductions in the hog supply from the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus. There was a small expansion in the breeding herd in USDA’s September Hogs and Pigs report – but Meyer says the pig numbers coming out of the report have been substantially less than what USDA said and around three-percent below what he expected for slaughter this fall. Meyer says PEDV will be the big factor going forward as it continues to spread and cause large numbers of pig losses. If USDA takes three-percent of production off of 2014 – Meyer says that will be three-percent from where the numbers would have been – and also means supply levels next year will be at – or below – this year’s levels – meaning prices will be quite strong. SHARE Facebook Twitter SHARE Facebook Twitter Previous articleTime Running Out on Congress and Farm BillNext articleBiodiesel Industry Voices Concerns on EPA’s Proposed 2014 RFS Gary Truitt By Gary Truitt – Dec 4, 2013
On nights spent lounging on the balcony with Maher and Nisreen, sippingon mint tea, drawing apple-infused smoke through the nargila andexchanging conversation – partly in my tentative Arabic – I find myselfforgetting entirely where I am. Where I am is Bait Sahour, in theIsraeli-occupied West Bank, but the adjective ‘occupied’ tends to lapsefrom my consciousness with disturbing regularity. And it’s not as ifthere’s a dearth of visual reminders; there’s the eight metre highconcrete monstrosity of the separation wall snaking its way throughPalestinian land; there are the Israeli soldiers lugging M16s around;there are the illegal settlements with their thousands of houses, eachone a bland and soulless replica of every other; there are theomnipresent checkpoints, erecting barriers between every point of note.I felt deeply unsettled the first time I saw an armed soldier – thecasual way in which he held his gun jarring with its sinisterpotential. The first time I saw the wall, my eyes struggled to take inits size and its ugliness. My first experience of being held up at acheckpoint left me furious and frustrated with impatience. Butfamiliarity breeds desensitization. You begin to dissassociate: thewall from the land it confiscates and the communities it splinters; thesoldiers’ presence from the humiliation of military occupation; thesettlements from how they appropriate and carve up another people’sland. Words become devoid of any meaning deeper than their respectiveOED definitions. A wall becomes just a wall, a settlement just asettlement, a checkpoint just another checkpoint. The real tragedy ofoccupation does not manifest itself in the visible but in the lives andminds of the occupied; so as an outsider it is easy to be blinded tothe sorrows of occupation.Moments of poignancy then take you by surprise. Tragedy slips easilyinto what would otherwise be the most ordinary of dialogues andsituations: Maher interrupts the peace of an evening on his balcony torecall a memory from the first intifada, when, aged 14, he was shot inthe leg with a rubber bullet, knocked unconscious and then beatenbecause he threw a stone at a soldier. Manar’s tour of her universitytakes in the auditorium, the faculties, the monument to students killedby the Israeli army, and the view onto the hill from which the armyshelled buildings, as if each landmark were as run of the mill as theothers. My Arabic teacher oscillates between merry anecdotes of herGerman students to tearful recollections of encounters with the army –feeling “like a sheep” when she nervously crossed the checkpoint intoEast Jerusalem, walking away from a soldier so he wouldn’t see her crywhen he came to inform her that the army had taken her land. Theparallel running of the trappings of a ‘normal’ life alongside themisery of occupation is tragically expressive of the fact that here themisery of occupation is normal life.It wasn’t until I heard Amjad Rfaie (Director of the Social DevelopmentCentre in New Aska Camp, Nablus) verbalise it that the meaning fullyresonated with me: “Everyone here has a sad story. Sometimes it’s asmall sad story, sometimes it’s a big one, but everybody has a sadstory”. The statement has since stood out in my mind for being eloquentin its simplicity, yet ineffable in its implications: as aninternational, you can never fully fathom the grief of a societycrumbling under the burden of 4 million sad stories, big and small. Theclosest you can get is reading the stories, with all their layers ofmeaning, as they unravel before you every day.Like the 27th July 2005, when three houses in the village of Al-Khaderwere demolished by the Israeli army. Last year Israel demolished thehomes of 1,471 families, mostly for “administrative” purposes. Thebuildings in Al-Khader are being cleared because they are too close tothe settler bypass road; the army use the excuse that the residents donot have a building permit. Whatever the reason the action is contraryto international law: the Fourth Geneva Convention strictly prohibitsany destruction of property by the Occupying Power “except where suchdestruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations”.The day after the demolitions I journey to the ruins with a group ofinternationals. By asking “ween?”(where?), while miming out destructionto every villager we pass, we finally accumulate the directions to thesite of the demolitions and meander our way through Al-Khader to theill-fated destination. There we are confronted with the sprawlingconcrete and metal corpse of the bulldozed homes. The houses have beenripped out from their very foundations, bleeding a tangle of metalarteries onto the earth.Metres from this wreckage a newly homeless family sit on theirhurriedly salvaged furniture in the cooling shade of an olive tree. Thesmall children, who number twelve and one on its way, shyly eye theirinternational visitors with excited curiosity, immuned by the bliss ofyouthful ignorance. The farmer and his two wives rest in near silence,possibly reflecting, maybe contemplating, perhaps forcing off themoment of realisation and the inevitable question, “What now?” Theirsombre tranquillity is momentarily broken when a settler deceleratespast the scene, orange anti-disengagement ribbon trailing from hisaerial, car horn blaring to signal out his glee.In the face of the wretched combination of Israeli bureaucracy andbulldozers I feel drained of every semblance of utility. Still, thefamily thank us, in apples, for our solidarity, explaining that thepresence of internationals brings hope when it seems like the wholeworld is deaf and blind to the situation here. Their words – translatedthrough a local – provide some comfort for a Westerner selfishlyseeking her validation. Before we leave, the family amble onto therubble remains to strike a disorientated pose, captured on our camerasand allied with a promise to show and tell people back home. The difficulties the Israeli army impose on attempts to move from A toB, saturate any journey with innumerable sad stories. Restri0ctions onmovement in Nablus – the largest city in the West Bank – wringespecially tight. Four checkpoints control movement in and out of thecity. Each of these is an internal checkpoint, impeding movement fromone Palestinian area to another. The Huwara checkpoint, restrictsmovement to the south of Nablus, and is the biggest in the West Bank –an average of 6,000 people pass through daily. But the production lineof the Huwara checkpoint churns out the perverse freedom at a painfullyslow rate: to exit the city you must pass through a sheltered areaencompassing a series of floor to roof turnstiles, metal detectors, bagsearches and questioning. Soldiers, many of them just teenagers,control passage: they can hold you up for hours, turn you back toNablus, at a button’s press they can command the opening and closing ofthe turnstile.I approach the checkpoint and filter into the line for women andchildren. As I wait to exit the incarcerated city I watch a soldierease his boredom by trapping a child between the cold metal bars of theturnstile. The imagery invokes memories of snippets of conversationfrom back in Bait Sahour: Maher imparting, “It feels like we’re livingin a prison”; Nisreen intoning, “See how they treat us? They treat uslike animals”. After a passport inspection and routine grilling fromthe 18 year old soldier at the end of the production line, I’m free totaxi back to Bait Sahour, with one checkpoint down and two to go.The day makes good preparation for my trip to the city of Tulkarm. Therecent Netanyu suicide bomber hailed from near Tulkarm, and so theresidents of the city are finding themselves subject to a range ofcollective punishments: floating checkpoints, road blocks, closures. Athree hour (there and back inclusive) journey stretches out into a 10hour road rageist’s nightmare. I count a total of 12 obstaclesobstructing our freedom of movement, including road blocks, and allmanifestations of checkpoints: at one point soldiers march down theaisle of our bus, inspecting papers; we wait in traffic jams to passthrough floating checkpoints, which are temporary and can appearanywhere, at any time. We are held up for two and a half hours at afour way checkpoint at a cross roads, where we observe a soldier trainhis gun at an elderly women while the sun scorches above. It’smonotonous travelling and it tires you out. We sit in buses, in taxis,and on the hot ground before the checkpoint, quiet with fatigue. Once,the silence is broken, by our guide, Mohammed, saying, “This is whathappens every day; all I want to do is go home and see my children.”His voice is heavy with weariness from countless repeats of the day I’mexperiencing now for the first and last time.When asked why the checkpoints, why the wall, why the imprisonmentswith no charge? Palestinians answer, “Security,” permeating the wordwith heart-rending sarcasm. The word sounds no less hollow when utteredby the Israeli soldiers. “Security” is perhaps the emptiest word herein the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). A quick look at a map ora day spent on the ground in the West Bank is enough for thatrealisation to dawn. It’s clear when you watch soldiers arbitrarilyturning cars back in the road, and then driving off and leaving theremaining traffic to its own devices. It’s clear when a soldier at aninternal checkpoint turns your taxi driver back because he happens tobe from a particular village, and it’s clearer still when the taxidriver is forced to take a long-cut (known to the Israelis) which putshim back on the road not a hundred metres past the original checkpoint.And it was clear when a recently retired Israeli general who led thecivil administration in the OPT said, “Of course the wall is not asecurity wall – it’s a political wall. Just look at the map.”The Wall is unnecessarily the author of a thousand sad stories. Itslices through the Ayda Refugee Camp in Bethlehem, leaving manyPalestinians on the “other side”. The wall separates these people fromtheir medical and educational facilities. Cars cannot pass through thecheckpoint in the wall, where people can be held up for many hours. Thechildren are always late for school, the emergency medical services arealways potentially too far out of reach. The tactic aims at drivingthese people off their land and to the other side of the wall.In July last year, the International Court of Justice, the principaljudicial organ of the United Nations ruled that “the construction ofthe wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the OccupiedPalestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, arecontrary to international law; Israel is under an obligation to ceaseforthwith the works of construction of the wall being built in theOccupied Palestinian Territory, to dismantle forthwith the structuretherein situated, and to make reparation for all damage caused by theconstruction of the wall.” Yet, the damage continues unabated.Standing on the balcony of Issa’s house, near Tulkarm, I can see outonto his acres of olive tree groves. Each olive tree is imbued with itsown particular character. Their branches contort into the mosthuman-like of expressions; they demand anthropomorphising. ThePalestinian people oblige, referring to the trees as theirgrandfathers. An innocuous looking fence, barely discernable againstthe yellow hues of the desert land, runs across the horizon a fewmetres from the house. The fence is part of the planned 400 mile lengthof the separation wall and this section is severing Issa from hisfamily of trees. Issa can only access his olives through a gate in thefence, five kilometres distant from his house, which is just ten metresdistant from his land. For the olives to be harvested he must call asoldier to open a gate in the fence. Typically a teenager will saunterup to the gate three or four hours later. Issa is then permitted towork the land for two hours. He cannot bring vehicles onto his land: herelies on his own work power and that of his wife and donkey (whosenames the soldier mockingly interchanges). These constraints make itimpossible to harvest enough olives. Most go to rot, ten metres fromhis home. “They say this is for security, but where is our security?”he implores.Whatever your feelings about the Israel-Palestine issue, to materializean opinion on the above, there is no need for recourse to complicatedhistorical, religious, nationalist or political debate. There is noneed to construct arguments for or against why the wall should be torndown, the settlements dismantled, the checkpoints and house demolitionsconfined to the dustbin of history, and with immediate effect: it hasall be done for you. The collective punishment, the wall, the housedemolitions, the very occupation are all explicitly prohibited byinternational law. It seems then that the most extraordinary thingabout the occupation is how very ordinary it has become.ARCHIVE: 1st week MT 2005
Jamaica’s liquefied natural gas import terminal developed and operated New Fortress Energy off the coast of Old Harbour Bay, in St. Catherine has been officially unveiled over the weekend.The 125,000-cbm FSRU Golar Freeze that will serve a 15-year charter for New Fortress Energy as an import facility supplying new gas-fired power plants, has been positioned 3.6 miles out at sea.Golar Freeze, owned by the Nasdaq-listed Golar LNG Partners, a limited partnership formed by Golar LNG, was previously converted into an FSRU from an LNG carrier and has a 4.9 billion cubic meters per year regasification capacity.Speaking at the occasion of unveiling the facility, Jamaica’s prime minister Andrew Holness noted that this latest introduction of LNG supply in the country is in line with Jamaica’s energy policy, which calls for the development of its energy resource potential to enhance international competitiveness and energy security, whilst reducing carbon footprint.The terminal, which is the first of its kind in the Caribbean, will provide fuel to several facilities, including the Jamaica Public Service’s (JPS) soon-to-be-completed 190-megawatt power plant in Old Harbour, through natural gas pipelines, prime minister’s statement reads.Holness noted that already, New Fortress Energy is supplying LNG to the University of the West Indies (UWI) and Red Stripe.The terminal is also providing LNG for Caribbean Products, Appleton, IGL Limited, CB Group, Clarendon Distillers, Wisynco and Seprod.New Fortress has invested close to$1 billion to bring the LNG project to its current stage.Prime minister pointed out that there are also plans to supply the Jamaica Urban Transit Company (JUTC) with the chilled fuel, noting that in the near future Jamaican buses could run on LNG.
CEDAR FALLS, Iowa (AP) — The University of Northern Iowa president says he’s forming a committee to address minority and other students’ allegations of systemic racism on the Cedar Falls campus.President Mark Nook took responsibility in a recent letter to the university community for the university’s failure to adequately fulfill goals set by an ad hoc student group and backed by the student government.The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier reports that Nook’s action follows a social media campaign of criticism by the student group, Racial and Ethnic Coalition.Among other things, the group posted video testimonials from minority students talking about problems they’ve had on campus, including dealing with a racist professor and trying to navigate university diversity policies.
DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) – Iowa residents will be allowed to resume dental appointments as Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds made more moves Wednesday to ease restrictions that were imposed to slow the spread of the coronavirus.Besides allowing dental procedures statewide, Reynolds also allowed public and private campgrounds to reopen, ended closure orders for tanning facilities and made clear that drive-in movie theaters were allowed to operate. The changes will be effective Friday morning.Reynolds signed her proclamation on a day when the state reported 12 new coronavirus deaths, bringing the state’s total to 219.The Iowa Department of Public Health also announced another 293 cases of COVID-19, the disease cause by the coronavirus. There have been 10,404 cases confirmed in the state out of more than 63,000 people tested, according to the state’s online coronavirus tracking dashboard.The increases were announced on the same day that Reynolds was in Washington to meet with President Donald Trump to discuss Iowa’s strategy to combat the spread of the virus and to thank the administration for federal help to that end.Reynolds also discussed Iowa’s response to outbreaks at some of the state’s meat processing plants, where employees often work shoulder-to-shoulder.On Tuesday, state officials announced that nearly 1,400 workers at three Tyson Foods pork processing plants in Iowa had tested positive for the virus.In her proclamation, Reynolds also reopened fitness centers, malls and other retail establishments effective Friday in 77 counties while maintaining restrictions in 22 counties, including most of the state’s urban areas. Businesses allowed to open must take measures to ensure social distancing, and retail establishments must ensure the number of customers doesn’t top 50% of the legal occupancy capacity.For most people, the coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough that clear up in two to three weeks. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness and death.Click here to read the proclamation
FOOTBALL: UDINE, Italy (AP): Two-time defending champions Spain began their preparations for this summer’s European Championship with a 1-1 draw against Italy in a friendly yesterday. Substitute Lorenzo Insigne fired Italy in front in the 68th minute, sliding in to meet Emanuele Giaccherini’s cross. It was the first goal Spain had conceded in nearly 700 minutes. Italy’s lead lasted just two minutes before Aritz Aduriz levelled with his first international goal, tapping in the rebound after Gianluigi Buffon parried a header by Alvaro Morata — who appeared to be offside. Italy were the more dangerous side and Spain — who beat the Azzurri 4-0 in the Euro 2012 final to successfully defend their title — did not have a shot on goal in the first half. Spain goalkeeper David de Gea pulled off several saves, including two to deny Insigne, who was a real threat after coming on for Eder in the 51st minute. Buffon was rarely challenged. There was a minute’s silence before the match to honour the victims of the Brussels attacks as well as the 13 exchange students — seven of them Italian — killed in a bus crash in Spain. Wales also drew 1-1 against Northern Ireland, thanks to a last-minute penalty from Simon Church, while the Czech Republic began their preparations with a 1-0 home defeat to Scotland. Iceland also lost to a team which failed to qualify for the tournament as two goals in four minutes from Nicolai Jorgensen helped Denmark win 2-1. Cenk Tosun scored twice to help Turkey to a 2-1 victory over Sweden, which rested Zlatan Ibrahimovic, while Ukraine beat Cyprus 1-0. Elsewhere, Malta’s match against Moldova and Estonia’s against Norway ended goalless. Greece beat Montenegro 2-1.
Just after the additional water released from Iron Gate Dam hit the mouth of the Klamath River, controversial news broke from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. On Tuesday, the CDFW determined the 555 quota of adult fall-run Chinook on the lower Klamath River was met by anglers fishing from the State Route 96 Bridge at Weitchpec to the mouth.The spit quota of 167 fish, which is a subset of the 555 lower river quota, was projected to be met at sunset Monday night, leaving roughly …
Much like 2002, 2003 will go down in the history books as a poor year for South African rugby. The Springboks failed to fire during the course of the season, and only in a 60-10 victory over Samoa during the World Cup did they look like a world-class outfit.SA rugby was hit by accusations of racism after an incident involving Quinton Davids and Geo Cronje at a World Cup camp. After that neither player was selected to go Down Under for rugby biggest tournament.Revelations about a military-style camp, named ‘Kamp Staaldraad’, which took place just before the World Cup, shocked both the South African public and the rugby world.Coach Rudolf Straeuli, who had always maintained he should be judged on the Springboks’ performance at the World Cup, came under heavy fire, especially when sensational photos of naked players carrying out tasks came to light.Straeuli subsequently resigned and on the same day SA Rugby boss Rian Oberholzer stepped down. South African Rugby Football Union (Sarfu) president Silas Nkanunu followed soon afterwards, also resigning. Brian van Rooyen then took over as Sarfu president in a major shake-up for the embattled sport.Player of the year: Juan SmithThe one area of South African rugby that did stand out in an otherwise poor year was in the loose forward department. And Juan Smith stepped up and made his mark in the Springbok number-eight jumper.A tall man, he showed excellent speed off the mark, a motor that ran at 100 percent throughout every contest, and the heart of a lion. Together with Joe van Niekerk and Corne Krige, Smith formed a formidable loose trio, capable of upstaging many a back row combination in world rugby today.Providing Van Niekerk avoids the injuries that have plagued hm, he and Smith should be two of South Africa’s stars for many years to come.Special mention: Ashwin WillemseAshwin Willemse made his mark in 2003. A member of the South African under-21 World Cup winning team of 2002, he first made the step up to Super 12 level during the 2003 season, and then to international level where he proved to be one of the Springboks’ more consistent and exciting players.In some of the Boks’ poorer performances he stood out like a lighthouse in the mist. Willemse was well rewarded for his excellent performances when he became the first player in history to scoop the top three awards at the SA Rugby Player of the Year awards. Willemse won the Player of the Year, Promising Player of the Year, and Players’ Player of the Year awards. Maybe the reason I didn’t pick him ahead of Smith is because in some of the Boks’ poorer showings Willemse was effectively shut out of the action.Most overlooked player: Brent RussellBrent Russell is the kind of player that can turn a match on its head in the blink of an eye. He has an unbelievable ability to spot the gap and incredibly fast feet that enable him to create spaces where none should exist. He is, in a word, a game-breaker.Russell was the catalyst in South Africa’s 26-22 win over Australia in July, and was rightly showered with praise. However, next time out against New Zealand, he had a below-par outing and was dropped. He never got the chance to play for the Boks again.Although he was injured at a stage before the World Cup squad was chosen, Russell could still have played Down Under – especially when the Boks were crying out for a playmaker, someone who could make a difference.It seems the constant obsession with size is the problem that Russell faces. But surely his fantastic skills outweigh any considerations that he is too small to make it at the top level?Best Test performance: SA vs Samoa (Brisbane)South Africa’s most complete performance of the year came in the World Cup against Samoa in a must-win match. The Samoans had pushed eventual winners England all the way in their previous match and, based on that performance, it was thought that they could upset the Springboks.But the Boks never allowed the Samoans into the showdown and ran out comfortable 60-10 winners. South Africa dominated all facets of play from the very first whistle and with the scrum calling the tune up front the backs were able to flourish. By the end of the game the Boks had outscored the Samoans eight tries to one and were full value for their win.Worst Test performance: SA vs New Zealand (Pretoria)South Africa’s worst performance of the year came at Loftus Versfeld where they lost 52-16 to New Zealand. Springbok hopes were high after their win over Australia the week before, but the All Blacks tore the Boks apart with fine running rugby.If Carlos Spencer had had his kicking boots on the New Zealand score would have been closer to 70 points. In the end they ran in seven tries to one and it was the most emphatic victory the All Blacks have ever scored over South Africa.Newcomer of the year: Kabamba FloorsSouth Western Districts Eagles flanker Kabamba Floors quickly made a name for himself in 2003 with his wholehearted game. He demonstrated a real nose for the ball and exceptional pace for a loose forward.Considered to be undersized, Floors didn’t let that get him down at all. He caught the eye of Springbok Sevens coach Chester Williams and when he was given the opportunity in the IRB Sevens Series on his home ground in George he delivered a dynamic performance, winning the player of the tournament award. With his dyed-blond hair he’s hard to miss, and his performances are just as eye-catching.Coach of the year: Heyneke MeyerBlue Bulls coach Heyneke Meyer, as he was in 2002, is my pick as coach of the year.Under Meyer the Blue Bulls continued to build on their Currie Cup victory of last year and they became stronger and stronger as the season progressed.The Blue Bulls were forced to take on the experienced Natal Sharks in the Currie Cup final without a single member of their first-choice tight five – all on World Cup duty – but that didn’t hold them back. They overpowered the Sharks in a one-sided match, winning 40-19.Rugby fans had begun to forget the Blue Bull dynasty that once ruled South African rugby, but with Meyer at the helm in Pretoria those memories have become nightmares to the supporters of other teams – and happy recollections of days gone by for Blue Bulls fans.Provincial upset of the year: Blue Bulls vs Griquas (Pretoria)The upset of the year took place at Loftus Versfeld where struggling Griquas managed to upset the Blue Bulls.The men from Kimberley kept the defending Currie Cup champions on the back foot throughout the match, dominating the much-vaunted Blue Bulls pack on their way to a 19-15 win. in which Griquas outscored the home team three tries to two.Heading into the game, Griquas were winless in four outings and had not challenged for victory in any game.Special mention: Western Province vs Blue Bulls (Cape Town)The Blue Bulls opened their Currie Cup season with a 64-29 thrashing of Western Province.The second time the teams met Heyneke Meyer’s charges had lost only one game, away to the Sharks, and had five wins under their belt. Province, who had been struggling throughout the season however, tore the Bulls to shreds with a display of great running rugby in the finest traditions of the men in blue and white stripes.Province were too fast and too slick for the Blue Bulls and there could not have been a more complete turnaround from the opening match of the season. Province led 42-7 at the break and went on to a comfortable 63-26 victory that included nine tries.Provincial game of the Year: Cheetahs vs Sharks (Bloemfontein)Heading into their final round-robin match, the Natal Sharks needed to beat Free State in Bloemfontein – never an easy task – and also score at least four tries to pick up a bonus point and advance to the Currie Cup final.The Sharks built up a 15-10 lead at halftime, but the Cheetahs fought back strongly in the second half to take the lead. Meanwhile, Sharks flyhalf Butch James squandered three kicks at goal.James’s opposite number Kennedy Tsimba had put his team ahead with two fantastic tries as the Free Staters first led 22-15 and then 25-20 with only 11 minutes to play.Charl van Rensburg the pulled the Sharks level with his second try of match that also earned the visitors a bonus point, but at 25-all it wouldn’t be enough to take them into the final.In the final movement of the game the Natalians surged deep into Free State territory and when the Cheetahs were trapped offside, James was given an opportunity to make amends for his earlier misses. He slotted the penalty to give the Sharks a 28-25 win and a spot in the final.Feel-good moment of the year: SA under-19 win World CupFollowing in the footsteps of the under-21 World Cup winners of 2002, the South African under-19 team captured the World Cup in their age group with a spirited and deserved 22-18 victory over arch-rivals New Zealand.Ably led by scrumhalf Paul Delport, the young South Africans fought fire with fire but found themselves 15-10 down at the break. However, South Africa kept the pressure up and the Kiwis started to wilt under the never-say-die commitment of the green and gold.A penalty by the outstanding Earl Rose pulled South Africa to within two points of the defending champions and another successful kick put SA in the lead 16-15. New Zealand hit back immediately, though, and went 18-16 in front with another penalty.But South Africa took they game to the Kiwis and earned another penalty that Rose slotted to put his team back in front. He missed a tough kick at goal shortly afterwards, but flyhalf Isma-Eel Dollie sealed a great win with a well-taken dropped goal as South Africa became World Cup winners with a 22-18 victory.Top domestic points scorers in 2003Kennedy Tsimba (Cheetahs) 230Chris Rossouw (Western Province) 199Casper Steyn (Pumas) 193Butch James (Sharks) 174Nel Fourie (Lions) 139Louis Strydom (Blue Bulls) 133Derick Hougaard (Blue Bulls) 83John Daniels (Lions) 65 Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Apartheid laws were designed to segregate South Africa’s population in terms of race. The majority suffered discrimination in terms of education, economic rights, social standing, and eventually even citizenship. Today, the Bill of Rights enshrines many rights denied in the past.The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953, an apartheid law, specified the use of many basic amenities such as parks, benches and entrances according to race. (Image: Wikipedia)Priya PitamberMost South Africans were denied many basic human rights during the apartheid. As the country celebrates 23 years of democracy, we shine a light on some of the laws that existed back then, and how things have changed today.“The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth.” – Bill of Rights1. Then: Black Land Act of 1913This law stopped black South Africans from owning or even renting land that was outside the reserves.Now: It was cancelled by section one of the Abolition of Racially Based Land Measures Act No 108 of 1991. This meant that anyone could own or rent any land.2. Then: Electoral Laws Amendment Act of 1940Under this law, only white South Africans over the age of 18 were allowed to vote.Now: Every person who has a valid South African identity book, and is over the age of 18, can register and vote. “Every adult citizen has the right to vote in elections for any legislative body established in terms of the Constitution, and to do so in secret,” reads the Bill of Rights.3. Then: The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949When the National Party came into power in South Africa in 1948, it implemented various apartheid laws. This act banned marriage between any white person and a person of another a different racial group.Now: Everyone has the right to marry the person of their choice. The Civil Union Act of 2006 also allows same-sex partners to marry.4. Then: Immorality Amendment Act of 1950This law made it illegal for people from two different race groups to have sex. It also prohibited other acts considered illegal under the Christian government of the time, such as adultery or attempted adultery.Now: All South Africans are free to choose their sexual partners, and the number of partners they have.5. Then: Suppression of Communism Act of 1950This act outlawed the South African Communist Party (SACP) and all communist propaganda. It also authorised the punishment or banning of anyone participating in communist activities.Now: The SACP is part of the Tripartite Alliance with African National Congress (ANC), which rules the country, and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu).6. Then: The Group Areas Act of 1950This law made residential separation by race group mandatory. The government set up different areas where blacks, coloureds, Indians and whites could live. It led to thousands of people being relocated to designated areas based on race alone.Now: People are free to live where they want to live. “Every citizen has the right to enter, to remain in and to reside anywhere in, the Republic,” states the Bill of Rights.7. Then: The Population Registration Act of 1950This act divided South Africans into different race groups; these groups determined an individual’s economic, social and political rights. It used methods such as the ‘pencil test’ – a pencil was placed in an individual’s hair to determine the kink. If the pencil did not easily fall out, then the individual fell into the black population category.Now: While South Africans are still classified according to race, it is solely the basis for collecting population census information and addressing the inequalities of the past.8. Then: The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951The government set up areas known as homelands for the black population. Each operated independently under a leader, but they were still subordinate to the South African government. A map shows the homelands set up by the apartheid government. (Image: Wikipedia) Now: The homelands are all a part of South Africa, which is a single republic divided into nine provinces.9. Then: Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act of 1952Under this act, the old pass book was replaced with a reference book containing a person’s image, place of origin, tax records, employment details, fingerprints and encounters with the police. All black men were required to carry this hated document, colloquially known as a dompas, and failure to produce it when asked by the police was an offence. When the system was extended to black women, they protested by marching from Johannesburg to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, in 1956.Now: There is a standard identity document for all citizens of South Africa.10. Then: Bantu Education Act of 1953Under this education system, black children were taught a different curriculum from white children. The aim was to provide them with skills to work in manual jobs only. “There is no place for the Bantu in the European community above the level of certain forms of labour,” said Dr HF Verwoerd, the prime minister and prime architect of apartheid. “Until now he has been subjected to a school system which drew him away from his own community and misled him by showing him green pastures of European society in which he was not allowed to graze.”Now: All schools fall under a single, national Department of Education. “Everyone has the right to a basic education, including adult basic education,” reads the Bill of Rights.11. Then: Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953This law stated that there should be separate facilities such as toilets, beaches and parks for different race groups. This was indicated by signs seen throughout the country. The act also stated that the quality of the amenities should be different. A sign in Durban, from the apartheid years, indicates the beach is for whites only. (Image: Wikipedia)Now: South Africans are free to use any toilet, or play in any park, or swim at any beach they prefer. “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement,” states the Bill of Rights.12. Then: Natives Resettlement Act of 1954This act allowed the removal of black people from the area next to the magistrate’s court in Johannesburg. It made it legal for the removal of the black population out of Sophiatown, in Johannesburg, to relocate them to Soweto. Sophiatown was renamed Triomf, meaning “triumph” in Afrikaans, after the removal.Now: The suburb was eventually renamed Sophiatown in 2006.13. Then: Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts) Act of 1956This law made it illegal for blacks to apply to courts for protection by means of an interdict, or use the legal system to protest against any apartheid law.Now: All South Africans are able to use the legal system and everyone is equal before the law. The Bill of Rights states: “Everyone has the right to have any dispute that can be resolved by the application of law decided in a fair public hearing before a court or, where appropriate, another independent and impartial tribunal or forum.”14. Then: Riotous Assemblies Act of 1956Gathering in public spaces was illegal if the Minister of the Justice deemed it to be an endangerment to public peace.Now: South Africans can gather en masse, even if they are protesting against government policies, although they do need permission from the police for large gatherings. “Everyone has the right, peacefully and unarmed, to assemble, to demonstrate, to picket and to present petitions,” reads the Bill of Rights.15. Then: Extension of University Education Act of 1959Different tertiary institutions were set up for different races and ethnicities; for example, the University of Fort Hare was set up for isiXhosa speaking people and the University of the North was designated for seSotho and Tswana speaking students.Now: All universities are open to anyone who makes the grade and are able to pay the fees. “Everyone has the right to further education, which the state, through reasonable measures, must make progressively available and accessible,” states the Bill of Rights.16. Then: Unlawful Organisations Act of 1960Organisations that threatened public peace were declared unlawful, which immediately affected the ANC and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC).Now: Everyone is free to form any organisation because the Bill of Rights ensures “everyone has the right to freedom of association”.17. Then: Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act of 1968This law invalidated any marriage that took place outside South Africa between a male citizen and a woman of another race.Now: South Africans can love and marry whomever they choose.18. Then: Bantu Homelands Citizens Act of 1970Black people became citizens of their homelands and were denied the right to South African citizenship.Now: All South Africans enjoy full citizenship of the country. “No citizen may be deprived of citizenship,” states the Bill of Rights.19. Then: Black Laws Amendment Act of 1973This law sped up the process of removing blacks from their places of residence, to a homeland. If they refused to move, they were no longer allowed to appeal the decision.Now: South Africans are free to live anywhere in the country. “No one may be evicted from their home, or have their home demolished, without an order of court made after considering all the relevant circumstances,” reads the Bill of Rights. “No legislation may permit arbitrary evictions.”20. Then: Newspaper and Imprint Registration Act of 1977This meant that newspapers had to be registered and conform to a code of conduct.Now: “Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes freedom of the press and other media,” states the Bill of Rights.21. Then: Internal Security Act of 1979The law allowed the government to declare any organisation illegal and meetings of more than 20 people were illegal unless they had received permission from a magistrate.Now: People are free to form an organisation and meet when needed.Sources: South African History Online and the Constitutional Court websiteWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Today’s USDA report showed that U.S. farmers planted 94.188 million acres of corn and 83.688 million acres of soybeans. Corn acres were higher than expected as they went up when the trade was looking for a lower number. The higher corn acres number is a bearish surprise. It shows that the U.S. farmers’ love affair with corn continues. Soybean acres while up, were less than expected.Prior to the report corn was down 4 cents, soybeans were down 12 cents and wheat was down 1 cent. Soybeans had a huge range shortly after the report as they moved over 30 cents in less than 2 minutes. We are seeing lots of price volatility and price ranges with grains today.Today’s report is providing end users of corn to get coverage in places they had not expected two weeks ago. At one time corn was down about 17 cents. Thirty minutes into the report we are seeing corn still lower on the day but down just 7 cents. Soybeans at that same time were up 42 cents, and wheat was up 4 cents.If you want to sum up the market drivers for the rest of the summer, it will be these two words, “weather” and “demand.” Weather is always changing. Some will receive perfect weather this growing season, others will not. Demand continues strong for soybeans as the past few weeks have seen export sales for both old and new soybeans. Some are already reporting that the U.S. in August will export at least double of what is normally flowing out of U.S. export facilities. Today brings a potentially very volatile USDA report day. Today USDA will provide their estimate of quarterly grain stocks as of June 1st. Traders are looking for grain stocks to be above that of a year ago. No big surprise there. In addition, USDA will also provide a report of planted acres for corn, soybeans, wheat, and other crops planted in the U.S. It is that report that looks to bring lots of price volatility to the grains today. This report will be compared to numbers USDA released with the March 31 planting intentions report. That report was a big bearish surprise to the markets when USDA estimated at 2016 corn acres at 93.6 million acres, up from last year’s 88 million acres. Soybean acres in March were estimated at 82.24 million acres, down from 2015 at 82.65 million acres. That lower number in March was a surprise with all of the talk during the winter of low prices and negative returns per acre for both corn and soybeans, and corn seeing the biggest negative return at that time.Soybean stocks as of June 1 were 869 million bushels and above the trade estimate of 829 million bushels. Corn stocks were 4.722 billion bushels while the trade estimate was 4.528 billion bushels. Wheat stocks were 981 million bushels nearly matching to the tick the trade estimate of 982 million bushels.If you make the assumption that stocks will be higher than last year, then the area of most surprise and or the potential for the most surprise will be with acres. Corn acres will be compared to the March estimate of 93.6 million acres. Trade estimates range from 92-94 million acres with an average trade estimate of 92.9 million acres. The likely assumption is that corn acres will be lowered. It is just a matter of how much. The biggest surprise area has to be with soybean acres. Trader estimates for soybeans ranged from 82.1 to 85.7 million acres with 83.83 million acres the average trade estimate. The March estimate for soybean acres was 82.24 million acres.Weather continues to dominate the news as rains have come at somewhat regular intervals across much of the Midwest this past month. It is the time of year when you can easily get lost in all of the weather reports that come out in a week’s time. Maps are updated every six hours. In the mix of weather discussion comes this — is the forecast based on the American model or the European model? In dry periods the European model tends to be the more accurate of the two. Corn in Ohio and the Midwest is already starting the pollination process. The next two weeks for much of the Midwest will be very critical in determining corn yields. Earlier this month the driest parts of the Midwest included southern Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Missouri, and Michigan. Central and southern Ohio did receive weekend rains that ranged from trace amounts all the way to two inches or more. Much of that area did see anywhere from .5 to 1 inch of rain. Meanwhile, much of northern Ohio did miss those rains. Plants were already showing stresses with corn leaves curling this week.Producers earlier this month had the opportunity to get corn priced above the $4 mark. It was a level they had not expected during the winter or spring. December CBOT corn peaked earlier this month on June 17 at $4.49. That rally enabled many producers to get corn priced above earlier expectations. Bottom line is that corn returns per acre are better than many had expected. In the past two weeks it has dropped to the $3.78 area that was reached earlier today and puts fall delivery corn near the $3.50 level across much of Ohio. Soybeans, like corn, have moved higher than earlier expected. Earlier this month soybeans were higher for eight straight weeks in a row beginning in late April. November CBOT soybeans peaked earlier this month at $11.86 on June 13. In the past week with weekend rains and fund liquidation they had fallen to $10.73.Some might be surprised by the strength seen in soybeans. Time will tell if they can hold the lofty gains seen after the report.Don’t be surprised to see lots of price volatility the next month and especially the next week. The July 4th holiday is on Monday and the markets will be closed that day. Next Tuesday will be a most interesting day depending upon the weekend weather. Cinch that belt tighter as you ride the roller coaster of price volatility for grains. Any kind of hot and dry weather in the next month could easily see corn re-testing the highs made earlier this month.