Toni Kroos rates Brazil â€œtwo gradesâ€ higher than when Germany hammered the â€˜Selecaoâ€™ 7-1 at the 2014 World Cup. Kroos scored twice in the Belo Horizonte semifinal at Brazil 2014 when Germany blitzed the hosts, who were missing superstar forward Neymar, with five goals in a dramatic opening 30 minutes of what became the heaviest home defeat in Brazilâ€™s history.Ahead of the teamsâ€™ meeting on Tuesday, Germany midfielder Kroos is not expecting a repeat: â€œWhen I look at the current team in comparison to 2014, they are two grades better.â€œThey have really good people, my (Real Madrid) teammate Casemiro is doing well â€“ they have come together well. Brazil is definitely one of the World Cup favourites.â€ Germany face Brazil at Berlinâ€™s Olympic Stadium after the Selecao beat Russia 3-0 in Moscow on Friday, with Neymar again sidelined by injury.Second-half goals by Miranda, Paulinho and a Philippe Countinho penalty sealed the win at Moscowâ€™s Luzhniki stadium, which hosts the World Cup final on July 15.The Germans warmed up with a 1-1 draw against Spain in Duesseldorf to extend their unbeaten run to 22 matches. Rodrigo Morenoâ€™s goal after just six minutes was cancelled out by Thomas Muellerâ€™s superb first-half strike on Friday.With one eye on their World Cup defence, Joachim Loew consoled himself with the â€œvery, very important lessonsâ€ Germany learnt, but his senior stars were unhappy.Centre-back Jerome Boeteng said â€œeverythingâ€ was wrong with the opening 20 minutes when Andres Iniesta gave the German midfield a masterclass as Spain dominated.â€œOur pressing didnâ€™t work, then they played cat and mouse with us,â€ Boateng fumed. â€œWe wanted to play better from the back, use our chances, pass well, not lose the ball so fast.â€œOur counter-attacking game must be better, we were hit three or four times on the counter, you canâ€™t have that. Itâ€™s not all bad, but we have a lot of work and we must come together as a team.â€Kroos agreed: â€œIn the first 20 minutes we were just chasing after them.â€Loew expects to make five changes against Brazil. Stars Thomas Mueller and Mesut Ozil have been released, as was previously arranged, to give them a break.Hertha Berlin left-back Marvin Plattenhardt will play at his home stadium, while Manchester Cityâ€™s Leroy Sane should replace Julian Draxler on the wing. Ilkay Gundogan is set to replace Sami Khedira, who suffered a back knock against Spain.The Spanish provided Loew with the tough test he wanted as Germany count down to their first World Cup match against Mexico in Moscow on June 17.â€œIt was worth the risk, even when we didnâ€™t always manage to put pressure on them up front,â€ said the Germany boss.A win over Brazil would boost German confidence following recent draws with top teams England (0-0), France (2-2) and now Spain.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram
FILE PHOTO: Kylian MbappeParis, France | AFP | Teenage sensation Kylian Mbappe told AFP on Thursday that Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi remain football’s greatest players but that his own World Cup heroics could help crown him the 2018 Ballon d’Or winner.Mbappe, 19, inspired France to World Cup victory in Russia with four goals.One of those came in the 4-2 final victory over Croatia as he became just the second teenager after Pele in 1958 to score in the championship match.He was also voted Young Player of the tournament and has since become Ligue 1’s leading scorer with 11 goals as Paris Saint-Germain run away with the French title.Messi and Ronaldo have won the last 10 Ballon d’Or awards and Mbappe believes that they are still the sport’s top A-listers.“Nobody is doing better at the moment and we can’t say it’s the end of their era because it will only end when somebody else does better than them,” Mbappe told AFP.However, the young striker added: “I don’t think one of them will win the Ballon d’Or this year because it was a World Cup year, and the World Cup takes precedence.”While Mbappe thrived at the World Cup, Messi’s Argentina and Ronaldo’s Portugal bowed out in the last 16.“But if you take the player in the purest form, there’s nobody better yet. This year they were again the best two,” added Mbappe.“Messi finished the best goalscorer in Europe; Ronaldo was the top scorer in the Champions League.”Mbappe was speaking to AFP on Thursday at an event organised by watchmakers Hublot, one of his leading sponsors.The last French player to win the coveted Ballon d’Or was Zinedine Zidane after the national team’s 1998 World Cup victory.“Frankly, I hope so (win the Ballon d’Or). We achieved something big. It would not be unjust because that is a strong word, but it would be a shame if a Frenchman does not win it.“We made history and it would be nice to be rewarded.” Croatia’s Luka Modric, voted Best Player of the World Cup, remains favourite for the Ballon d’Or.However, Modric is 14 years Mbappe’s senior so the young Frenchman has time on his side.He will also have time and opportunity to complete his journey from the tough streets of the down-at-heel Paris suburb of Bondy to a life of super-riches.– ‘Play to win’ –Mbappe, who will turn 20 just before Christmas, signed for PSG from Monaco for 180 million euros in 2017 in the second most expensive transfer of all time — behind PSG teammate Neymar who cost the French champions 222 million euros.Off the field, he seems destined to match Ronaldo in the commercial stakes.Will his initials “KM” match the brand power of Ronaldo’s “CR7”?“I don’t know because CR7 is something big, he has managed to build his brand and become international,” said Mbappe.“Mine is not at this stage yet, I’m changing little by little.”That development into the public consciousness saw him dominate the front page of Time magazine in October with the American publisher breathlessly showcasing the teenage as “the future of football”.Mbappe said that he will not be satisfied with winning just one World Cup.When asked what he wants to win next, he said: “All the World Cups that I can play.Share on: WhatsApp Pages: 1 2
“We didn’t start the game the way any team would want to,” said Saints new head coach Alex Evin.“We had slow feet in our zone and didn’t compete our hardest to win any puck battles, especially when we had numbers. However, we have to give Trail credit because they played with a lot of intensity, which complemented their speed and skill very well.“Our goaltenders Mike Vlanich and James Prigione kept the game within reach with some huge saves throughout the game and it allowed us to claw back and make a game of it in the second half.”Midway through the second overtime period that included back-and-forth three on three action, the Smokies persistence paid off when Martin tallied his second of the night off a beautiful feed from Zane Shartz. Both teams traded multiple scoring chances that included a penalty shot save by 16-year-old Smokies’ netminder Solomon Burk who came into the game in the third period to make his Junior A debut.Both teams introduced each other during an epic battle Friday night at the Castlegar Community Complex. A crowd of more than 400 was treated to a fast paced game from beginning to end, including big hits and great goals. Selkirk earned a hard fought 7-4 victory increasing their impressive home unbeaten streak to 30 games.Newcomer Ryan Edwards led the way for the Saints with a hat trick while Ryan Henderson, Tylor Branzsen, Darnell Dyck and Thomas Hardy added singles. Scoring for the Smoke Eaters was Zuccarini (2), Ryan Swanson and Keenan Scott. The Saints goaltending duties were shared by Prigione and Steven Glass.“I hope everyone in attendance enjoyed these hockey games,” said Evin.“They were intense and fast. Both had exciting finishes and both teams respect one another. We wish the Smokies a great season and will support them any way we can.”SAINTS NOTES:The Saints lost second year defenseman Ryan Procyshyn to a broken ankle suffered in Saturday’s loss…. The next exhibition games for the Saints include a rematch of the BCIHL Championship final when they host Trinity Western University at the Cominco Arena on Friday, September 19 at 7:00 p.m. … Grant MacEwan University from the Alberta College Athletic Conference then visits the Saints September 27 at 7:00 p.m. and September 28 at 11:00 a.m. at Castlegar Community Complex… Selkirk will start the BCIHL season on the road the first two weekends in October after which they will commemorate their second straight BCIHL Championship with a banner raising ceremony at the October 17 home opener. The Selkirk Saints Men’s Hockey Team opened the exhibition season with a pair of hard fought and exciting games against the Trail Smoke Eaters in a showcase that provided a taste of what’s to come for the 2014-15 campaign.The inter-league set matched the two-time defending British Columbia Intercollegiate Hockey League (BCIHL) champions against the region’s only British Columbia Hockey League (BCHL) squad. The outcome was two intense games that tested the early season talents on both clubs.Saturday night was a fitting finish to a great weekend of hockey as the Smokies triumphed over the Saints with a 5-4 double overtime victory at the Cominco Arena. A quick pace and end-to-end action in the third and overtime periods made up for the mediocre first and second frames.The Smoke Eaters came out with a vengeance and controlled play in the earlygoing earning 1-0 and 3-1 leads in each of the first two periods.Craig Zuccarini, Craig Martin and Dallas Calvin potted goals for the home team while Jackson Garrett notched a goal for Selkirk.The Saints came alive in the third, scoring three times on goals from Matt Martin and Mason Spear (2). Brendan Volpe tallied for Trail which knotted the game, sending it to overtime.
Klay Thompson subscribes. You can too for just 11 cents a day for 11 months + receive a free Warriors Championship book. Sign me up!OAKLAND — If Draymond Green wasn’t so honest, perhaps few would realize he feels pain in his right wrist. If Green did not wear a bandage around his right wrist in recent days, perhaps no one would notice he has nursed an injury.“It’s still sore, but it is what it is,” Green said. “If the MRI said it was broken by the way, I was still going to play anyway. It …
SANTA CLARA — Nick Mullens, with little surprise or fanfare, outlasted C.J. Beathard to win the 49ers No. 2 quarterback roll and be Jimmy Garoppolo’s backup entering Sunday’s season opener at Tampa Bay.Mullens broke the news at his locker Monday, solving one of this offseason’s biggest mysteries and one that might be relatively meaningless as long as Garoppolo stays healthy in his comeback from knee reconstruction. … Click here if you’re unable to view the gallery on your mobile device.
27 August 2008Black empowered mining group Mvelaphanda Resources has secured funding from Nedbank Capital to increase its stake in Northam Platinum from 22% to 63%, in a R4-billion deal that will create the fourth-largest platinum producer in the world.According to a Nedbank statement last week, the transaction will be done through directly acquiring Anglo Platinum’s 22% stake in Northam Platinum, as well as through the vending-in of a 100% stake in Booysendal – 50% of which was acquired from Anglo Platinum – to Northam Platinum.Mvelaphanda Resources chairman Lazarus Zim said the company was excited by the prospect of becoming a world-class platinum mining business, which will rank behind Anglo Platinum, Impala Platinum and Lonmin, in terms of platinum group metals (PGM) resources.He said that the company was particularly positive about the acquisition of a stake in Booysendal, which still has a life of mine in excess of 100 years. This is as opposed to Northam Platinum, which was only left with a life of mine of 17 years.“Prospects of our continuing presence in the PGM space looks decidedly positive,” said Zim. “This acquisition will strengthen our position both in the western and eastern limbs of the Bushveld where the PGM ore body is mostly found.”A first for platinumAccording to Zim, the acquisition of Booysendal by Northam was a landmark event, creating the first fully integrated, black-controlled platinum mining entity.“This deal reinforces what we envisaged when Mvelaphanda Resources and Afripalm Resources joined forces in 2007, which is to become a pre-eminent black controlled mining house and principal consolidator of key opportunities,” he said.“As we promised at the time, we will continue to unlock value in our operations, diversify our portfolio and achieve a better balance between the existing components of diamonds, gold and platinum as well as pursuing other interests in other commodities.”Nedbank Capital acted as sole arranger and underwriter, as well as advisor to the deal, providing funding of R2.5-billion, with the balance being financed from Mvelaphanda’s own cash resources.Nedbank Capital MD Brian Kennedy said the bank was proud to have structured a deal that would help create an extremely significant BEE player in the platinum mining arena.“This is a continuation of our relationship with Mvelaphanda Resources after Nedbank Capital was involved in financing Afripalm Resources in the acquisition of its stake in Mvelaphanda Resources in 2007,” he said.“This deal marks a historic occasion in the BEE mining space, and we feel honoured to have acted as advisors to the parties involved.”SAinfo reporter Would you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Apartheid laws were designed to segregate South Africa’s population in terms of race. The majority suffered discrimination in terms of education, economic rights, social standing, and eventually even citizenship. Today, the Bill of Rights enshrines many rights denied in the past.The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953, an apartheid law, specified the use of many basic amenities such as parks, benches and entrances according to race. (Image: Wikipedia)Priya PitamberMost South Africans were denied many basic human rights during the apartheid. As the country celebrates 23 years of democracy, we shine a light on some of the laws that existed back then, and how things have changed today.“The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth.” – Bill of Rights1. Then: Black Land Act of 1913This law stopped black South Africans from owning or even renting land that was outside the reserves.Now: It was cancelled by section one of the Abolition of Racially Based Land Measures Act No 108 of 1991. This meant that anyone could own or rent any land.2. Then: Electoral Laws Amendment Act of 1940Under this law, only white South Africans over the age of 18 were allowed to vote.Now: Every person who has a valid South African identity book, and is over the age of 18, can register and vote. “Every adult citizen has the right to vote in elections for any legislative body established in terms of the Constitution, and to do so in secret,” reads the Bill of Rights.3. Then: The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949When the National Party came into power in South Africa in 1948, it implemented various apartheid laws. This act banned marriage between any white person and a person of another a different racial group.Now: Everyone has the right to marry the person of their choice. The Civil Union Act of 2006 also allows same-sex partners to marry.4. Then: Immorality Amendment Act of 1950This law made it illegal for people from two different race groups to have sex. It also prohibited other acts considered illegal under the Christian government of the time, such as adultery or attempted adultery.Now: All South Africans are free to choose their sexual partners, and the number of partners they have.5. Then: Suppression of Communism Act of 1950This act outlawed the South African Communist Party (SACP) and all communist propaganda. It also authorised the punishment or banning of anyone participating in communist activities.Now: The SACP is part of the Tripartite Alliance with African National Congress (ANC), which rules the country, and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu).6. Then: The Group Areas Act of 1950This law made residential separation by race group mandatory. The government set up different areas where blacks, coloureds, Indians and whites could live. It led to thousands of people being relocated to designated areas based on race alone.Now: People are free to live where they want to live. “Every citizen has the right to enter, to remain in and to reside anywhere in, the Republic,” states the Bill of Rights.7. Then: The Population Registration Act of 1950This act divided South Africans into different race groups; these groups determined an individual’s economic, social and political rights. It used methods such as the ‘pencil test’ – a pencil was placed in an individual’s hair to determine the kink. If the pencil did not easily fall out, then the individual fell into the black population category.Now: While South Africans are still classified according to race, it is solely the basis for collecting population census information and addressing the inequalities of the past.8. Then: The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951The government set up areas known as homelands for the black population. Each operated independently under a leader, but they were still subordinate to the South African government. A map shows the homelands set up by the apartheid government. (Image: Wikipedia) Now: The homelands are all a part of South Africa, which is a single republic divided into nine provinces.9. Then: Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act of 1952Under this act, the old pass book was replaced with a reference book containing a person’s image, place of origin, tax records, employment details, fingerprints and encounters with the police. All black men were required to carry this hated document, colloquially known as a dompas, and failure to produce it when asked by the police was an offence. When the system was extended to black women, they protested by marching from Johannesburg to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, in 1956.Now: There is a standard identity document for all citizens of South Africa.10. Then: Bantu Education Act of 1953Under this education system, black children were taught a different curriculum from white children. The aim was to provide them with skills to work in manual jobs only. “There is no place for the Bantu in the European community above the level of certain forms of labour,” said Dr HF Verwoerd, the prime minister and prime architect of apartheid. “Until now he has been subjected to a school system which drew him away from his own community and misled him by showing him green pastures of European society in which he was not allowed to graze.”Now: All schools fall under a single, national Department of Education. “Everyone has the right to a basic education, including adult basic education,” reads the Bill of Rights.11. Then: Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953This law stated that there should be separate facilities such as toilets, beaches and parks for different race groups. This was indicated by signs seen throughout the country. The act also stated that the quality of the amenities should be different. A sign in Durban, from the apartheid years, indicates the beach is for whites only. (Image: Wikipedia)Now: South Africans are free to use any toilet, or play in any park, or swim at any beach they prefer. “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement,” states the Bill of Rights.12. Then: Natives Resettlement Act of 1954This act allowed the removal of black people from the area next to the magistrate’s court in Johannesburg. It made it legal for the removal of the black population out of Sophiatown, in Johannesburg, to relocate them to Soweto. Sophiatown was renamed Triomf, meaning “triumph” in Afrikaans, after the removal.Now: The suburb was eventually renamed Sophiatown in 2006.13. Then: Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts) Act of 1956This law made it illegal for blacks to apply to courts for protection by means of an interdict, or use the legal system to protest against any apartheid law.Now: All South Africans are able to use the legal system and everyone is equal before the law. The Bill of Rights states: “Everyone has the right to have any dispute that can be resolved by the application of law decided in a fair public hearing before a court or, where appropriate, another independent and impartial tribunal or forum.”14. Then: Riotous Assemblies Act of 1956Gathering in public spaces was illegal if the Minister of the Justice deemed it to be an endangerment to public peace.Now: South Africans can gather en masse, even if they are protesting against government policies, although they do need permission from the police for large gatherings. “Everyone has the right, peacefully and unarmed, to assemble, to demonstrate, to picket and to present petitions,” reads the Bill of Rights.15. Then: Extension of University Education Act of 1959Different tertiary institutions were set up for different races and ethnicities; for example, the University of Fort Hare was set up for isiXhosa speaking people and the University of the North was designated for seSotho and Tswana speaking students.Now: All universities are open to anyone who makes the grade and are able to pay the fees. “Everyone has the right to further education, which the state, through reasonable measures, must make progressively available and accessible,” states the Bill of Rights.16. Then: Unlawful Organisations Act of 1960Organisations that threatened public peace were declared unlawful, which immediately affected the ANC and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC).Now: Everyone is free to form any organisation because the Bill of Rights ensures “everyone has the right to freedom of association”.17. Then: Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act of 1968This law invalidated any marriage that took place outside South Africa between a male citizen and a woman of another race.Now: South Africans can love and marry whomever they choose.18. Then: Bantu Homelands Citizens Act of 1970Black people became citizens of their homelands and were denied the right to South African citizenship.Now: All South Africans enjoy full citizenship of the country. “No citizen may be deprived of citizenship,” states the Bill of Rights.19. Then: Black Laws Amendment Act of 1973This law sped up the process of removing blacks from their places of residence, to a homeland. If they refused to move, they were no longer allowed to appeal the decision.Now: South Africans are free to live anywhere in the country. “No one may be evicted from their home, or have their home demolished, without an order of court made after considering all the relevant circumstances,” reads the Bill of Rights. “No legislation may permit arbitrary evictions.”20. Then: Newspaper and Imprint Registration Act of 1977This meant that newspapers had to be registered and conform to a code of conduct.Now: “Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes freedom of the press and other media,” states the Bill of Rights.21. Then: Internal Security Act of 1979The law allowed the government to declare any organisation illegal and meetings of more than 20 people were illegal unless they had received permission from a magistrate.Now: People are free to form an organisation and meet when needed.Sources: South African History Online and the Constitutional Court websiteWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Steph Curry joins Barack Obama at ‘My Brother’s Keeper’ event US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte MOST READ ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Jeremy Miado sets the tone for Filipinos in ONE: Conquest of Champions card Friday at Mall of Asia Arena. photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netFilipino strawweight Jeremy Miado expects the same result when he fights Dejdamrong Sor Amnuaysirichoke in a rematch on Friday in ONE: Call to Greatness in Singapore.Miado sees himself beating Amnuaysirichoke again after knocking the Thai warrior just 84 seconds into their first fight last year.ADVERTISEMENT View comments Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting “It’s going to be an explosive contest and I expect to emerge the victor once again,” Miado said.“I have the greatest respect for Dejdamrong Sor Amnuaysirichoke, but I am coming for the win and I am confident I can do it again in this rematch.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesAmnuaysirichoke, meanwhile, vows to be a better fighter the second time around.“Jeremy Miado is a tough warrior and I can’t underestimate him. I will give a better performance in this rematch and make my fans in Singapore and Thailand proud,” the former strawweight champion said. Urgent reply from Philippine football chief Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town
Minister of Science, Energy and Technology, Dr. the Hon. Andrew Wheatley, says Jamaica’s potential to generate and utilise renewable energy would significantly reduce what the country consumes and spends on oil. Minister of Science, Energy and Technology, Dr. the Hon. Andrew Wheatley, says Jamaica’s potential to generate and utilise renewable energy would significantly reduce what the country consumes and spends on oil.This, he said, will place Jamaica on the right trajectory to supply not only residential customers but the productive sector with affordable energy.Dr. Wheatley was speaking at the ground-breaking ceremony for the 37-megawatt solar-powered plant at Paradise Park in Savanna-La-Mar, Westmoreland, on December 13.He outlined that the power plant will be the largest and most cost-efficient in the Caribbean.“Energy fuels growth, and as a Ministry, we have a responsibility to ensure that we provide the energy sector not only with clean energy but affordable energy,” the Minister said.He further highlighted that the Government, having embraced the drive towards greater inclusion of renewable energy, has committed to energy security through the diversification of its energy products, aided by the legislative and regulatory framework that currently exists.“Through our net billing arrangement, Jamaicans with renewable energy systems can sell the excess power generated from these systems to the JPS upon obtaining a licence. So far, we have granted some 590 net billing licences, and I know that many more Jamaicans will take advantage of this opportunity,” the Minister said.He highlighted the renewable energy being supplied by the 24-megawatt wind facility at Wigton Windfarm in Manchester; the 36-megawatt facility at Munro, St. Elizabeth; and the commissioning of the first solar photovoltaic (PV) 20-megawatt facility in Content, Clarendon.According to Minister Wheatley, the additional 37-megawatt solar facility in Westmoreland will further position Jamaica as a significant player in the production of renewable energy.“In 2016, the World Economic Forum (WEF), ranked Jamaica as number one in the Caribbean as it relates to energy diversification,” he noted.The 37-megawatt solar-powered plant is estimated to cost US$60 million, and will be constructed by Eight Rivers Energy Company. He further highlighted that the Government, having embraced the drive towards greater inclusion of renewable energy, has committed to energy security through the diversification of its energy products, aided by the legislative and regulatory framework that currently exists. Dr. Wheatley was speaking at the ground-breaking ceremony for the 37-megawatt solar-powered plant at Paradise Park in Savanna-La-Mar, Westmoreland, on December 13. Story Highlights
zoom The Australian Government has reached an AUD 39.3 million (USD 29.6 million) out of court settlement with the owners of a Chinese coal carrier that ran aground in April 2010 causing direct impact on the Great Barrier Reef.For more than six years, the China-based shipowner Shenzhen Energy Transport, and its insurer “refused to accept their responsibility” for restitution after the 225-metre long, fully laden Shen Neng 1 ran aground 100 kilometres east of Rockhampton at Douglas Shoal.“Our ongoing actions to pursue funds to clean-up the pollution sends an unambiguous signal that damage to the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area is unacceptable, and that we will use every available means to pursue ship owners who are negligent in causing damage to the Reef,” Australia’s Minister for the Environment and Energy, Josh Frydenberg, said.The funds, sufficient for the clean-up, will allow the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority to initiate field operations to remove toxic anti-fouling paint and rubble, which will enable the restoration of the natural ecological processes of the reef.The anti-fouling paint at Douglas Shoal contains a highly toxic component known as tributyltin (TBT), which is now banned from use. The paint also contains copper and zinc.The authorities estimated that the impacts to marine life on the seafloor could potentially last for many decades if the toxic anti-fouling paint remains in place.Logistical planning for the clean-up has already begun, however due to the deep nature of Douglas Shoal and its exposure to strong tidal currents, work can only safely take place at certain times of the year. Allowing for seasonal weather, the clean-up operation will begin in mid-2017.The terms of settlement mean AUD 35 million will be paid to the Commonwealth for the cost of removing polluted rubble while a further AUD 4.3 million will be paid to cover costs incurred by the Australian Government in the immediate aftermath of the grounding.It was estimated that the grounding caused damages to an area covering 0.4 square kilometres at Douglas Shoal, of which 115,000 square metres “were severely damaged or destroyed,” the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority earlier said, adding that the incident also left toxic anti-fouling paint on the reef and on substantial areas of loose coral rubble created by the grounding.